Aeration isn’t critical for a betta aquarium. In fact, if you have a filtration system, you won’t need one. If you don’t have a filter, it’s better to have one than not have one, but it’s not critical.
Bettas have a brilliant system for breathing underwater. They’re known as labyrinth fish, meaning they can take oxygen through their gills or from the surface of the water.
This doesn’t mean they can choose; they need to frequently use both methods to maintain healthy, active respiratory organs.
How does an aerator / air stone work?
A filter simply aerates the water by stirring it around when water exits the output. This allows gasses to move from the air to the water, and vice versa. An aerator or air stone works in exactly the same way. Is a common misconception that the bubbles produced by air stones oxygenate the water, but air stones are actually designed to cause surface movement — which bettas tend to dislike. Too much movement on the water’s surface can make them feel uncomfortable and stress them out.
So any alternative to an airstone is a good idea. An open lid aquarium allows for a larger water surface area, meaning fresh oxygen will easily dissolve into the water. However, as we know betta fish can leap from the water and an open top aquarium design isn’t the best choice for a betta fish. However, a lid that allows in a substantial amount of oxygen but can stop a betta from escaping (for example, a mesh lid), will work efficiently.
Bettas aren’t fussy when it comes to oxygen, but if you’re keeping your betta in an aquarium with a tight-fitted lid and no filter, an aerator would maintain an adequate oxygen level in the water.